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Author Topic: Antibiotic Test Doses  (Read 11323 times)

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gasman

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Antibiotic Test Doses
« on: February 04, 2005, 07:19:25 AM »
I'm not sure what other's practices are, but this is what I have found to be useful and hopefully scientific:

When presented with a patient who has a possible antibiotic allergy, eg penicillin and requries a similar antibiotic eg a cephalosporin some people advocate a IV test dose before a full dose is given.

This would minimise the effects of an anaphylactiod reaction, which is dose-related, but not a true anaphylactic reaction which can be triggered by a minimal amount of antigen.

My practice has been to give a tiny bleb of antibiotic as an intradermal injection, essentially making it a skin test. If there is no weal or flare 10mm or larger after 20 minutes, then I feel confident giving the full dose IV.

The advantage of this is that the antigen is not given as a systemic dose and thereby triggering a systemic reaction. It remains localised causing a local reaction only, yet still giving the required information.

I realise that even very dilute skin tests can cause anaphylaxis, but this technique is still safer than giving an IV "test dose".

Thought? Comments?
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gasboy

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Re: Antibiotic Test Doses
« Reply #1 on: January 19, 2006, 03:52:52 AM »
Sounds like a good idea Gasman.

What is contempory practice? Do people still give test doses of IV antibiotics?

I understood that the AAGBI guidelines on anaphylaxis suggest that a test dose is a waste of time?

Any thoughts?

 
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frontier

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Re: Antibiotic Test Doses
« Reply #2 on: January 11, 2007, 12:47:16 PM »
dear gasman,
           you are absolutely right.atleast by doing this you avoid a major catastrophe.we in ranchi ,india also practice this.
« Last Edit: February 07, 2007, 07:57:06 PM by drsimant »
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amarkatira

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Re: Antibiotic Test Doses
« Reply #3 on: April 15, 2007, 03:14:01 AM »
we don't do the skin test but we give a very small amount IV and wait,if no advers reactions we give full dose.
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